Why So Many Kinds of Eggs ?

This last weekend I was planning to do some baking so I stopped at my local Kroger to pick up an extra dozen eggs. I buy a lot of eggs, I cook them and use them in baking, and not to mention they are cheap and full of protein and vitamins. But have you ever really noticed all the different kinds of eggs in the grocery store?

eggs

You may have noticed there are different sizes of eggs. The size is dependent upon the mass of the egg.

egg-sizes

Jumbo- Greater than 2.5 oz. or 71 g
Very Large or Extra-Large (XL)- Greater than 2.25 oz. or 64 g
Large (L)- Greater than 2 oz. or 57 g
Medium (M)- Greater than 1.75 oz. or 50 g
Small (S)- Greater than 1.5 oz. or 43 g
Peewee- Greater than 1.25 oz. or 35 g

Aside from different sizes there are other different kinds of eggs. Does it matter which ones you buy? Are some better than others? I took the time to look at the different types of eggs this particular day, there may be more in your grocery store than you might think!

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Pasteurized Eggs: $4.95 a dozen

Due to USDA rules all eggs are pasteurized! The reason you would consider buying pasteurized eggs is for cooking purposes when needing to use raw eggs in dishes like merges and ice cream. They have been heated a little more than your typical egg. The reason all eggs are pasteurized on the outside so salmonella found on the shells Is killed.

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Cage Free/Free Range Eggs: $4.49 a dozen

Cage Free/Free-range eggs are laid by hens who have access to nesting boxes, open floor space, perches and outdoor runs. Those called “free run eggs” allow hens to roam freely in a barn. These eggs are higher because the farmer has much more work. Collecting eggs is more of a challenge as is safety and quality of the egg. Eggs raised in this way can come in contact with droppings and dirt. The nutrient content of these eggs is NO different than the nutrient content of eggs of hens raised in conventional cage housing systems.

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Omega-3 Eggs

Eggs naturally contain omega-3. Omega-3 fatty acids may potentially help lower blood triglyceride levels which equals out to a healthy heart. These eggs come from hens that are given significantly more flax seed in their diet. If you are looking for a way to get more omega-3′ this may be a good choice for you.

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Brown Eggs: $2.89 a dozen

White Eggs: $1.99 a dozen

What is the difference between these two eggs besides $0.90 in price? Nothing but the chicken that laid the egg. There is ABSOLUTELY NO difference between white and brown eggs except for they are laid by two different breeds. If you forget the breeds you can look at a chicken’s earlobe to tell what color of egg it will lay. (Red ear lobe=brown egg, white ear lobe=white egg)

Is your mind blown or what?

red

Brown eggs are laid by Rhode Island Reds

white

White eggs are laid by White Leghorns .

All eggs are white inside the hen until the last few hours before it is laid.  This is why the insides of brown eggs are white – the egg starts out white, and gradually becomes more colorful. In the last 90 minutes, the egg is all but ready and the cuticle, fluid (also called the bloom) is added. (The cuticle is protects the egg from infection on the inside) This is also when the hen secretes most of the pigments into the shell.

My freshman year I sold eggs at our farmer’s market on campus and each week I would have people come up and say that our brown eggs were healthier, tasted better, baked better etc. In reality they are exactly the same, they just have a more expensive price tag.

Next time you are in the grocery store be sure to take a look at the egg section and see what other kinds of eggs may exist on your shelves.

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South Dakota is a Different Ballgame in the Winter

This summer I spent three months in South Dakota. The weather was SO NICE. After enduring Alabama summers for 21 years to get to spend a summer where there is little humidity was such a treat. I can only think of one day where I actually thought, “whew, it is hot.” I decided a few months I wanted to go back in the winter time and see what it is like. I got a good taste of what it is like, when I landed in Aberdeen, SD last Thursday it was -13, when I left on Sunday the wind chill was -46. It cold, but a different kind of cold.

I got a lot of experience driving on ice and show while in South Dakota. I don’t know how people know where to park in parking lots at Walmart, Target etc. because you cannot see the lines. Image

 

There were huge piles of snow some the size of buildings, in every parking lot from where it had been plowed after snow showers. Image

 

I found it interesting that corn was stored out and uncovered. After asking Mr. Tom from church he said that the corn was actually best stored that way, it was frozen and would not loose its quality. Image

 

Streets if they were paved were pretty  much ice and snow. Image

 

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I was able to visit with my trainer from Monsanto. We ate at our usual cafe in Webster, this was a treat. Image

The snow was very pretty, but there was a lot of it and it was so cold, it is not going anywhere, anytime soon. ImageImageImageImageImageImage

It was interesting seeing the fields so bare and snow covered. ImageImage

 

Frozen lakes was a new concept to me. I had the opportunity to go ice fishing (there will be a separate post on that later). We drove on the lake, which was somewhat terrifying at first, but then after drilling holes in the ice that were 2 1/2 feet deep I was reassured I had little to worry about. Image

While I was out and about in Webster on Saturday the temperature hit a whopping 0 degrees. 

 

 

 

 

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One of my favorite things about South Dakota was getting to see some beautiful sunsets. I was able to sit on a hill and watch the sun go down on the plains on Saturday (from the warmth of my vehicle of course). Sunsets are always a great time for reflection and to be in awe of the beauty of God’s creation. ImageImage

 

After visiting South Dakota during the cold months I have no idea how they deal with the snow and ice for 5 months out of the year. I can see where it would get old. I am glad to have experienced the brutal winters they have and I most enjoyed getting to visit with friends from church and my trainer. Stay tuned for a post on ice fishing, let me tell you it will be something else.